在美國國家檔案庫有幾張有趣的照片,出自二次大戰期間。當時許多女性投入工廠工作,官方印製給男性主管以下的叮嚀:

說明: http://www.archives.gov/southeast/exhibit/9.php

圖: http://www.archives.gov/southeast/exhibit/popups.php?p=9.5.1

Women are Teachable (女人是可以教導的)

When you supervise a woman...

  • Make clear her part in the process or product on which she works.
  • Allow for her lack of familiarity with machine processes.
  • See that her working set-up is comfortable, safe and convenient.
  • Start her right by kindly and careful supervision.
  • Avoid horseplay or “kidding”; she may resent it.
  • Suggest rather than reprimand.
  • When she does a good job, tell her so.
  • Listen to and aid her in her work problems.

 

Women are Cooperative (女人是樂於合作的)

Finally–call on a trained woman counselor in your personnel department...

  • To find out what women workers think and want.
  • To discover personal causes of poor work, absenteeism, turnover.
  • To assist women workers in solving personal difficulties.
  • To interpret women’s attitudes and actions.
  • To assist in adjusting women to their jobs.

 

Women are Patiant (女人是有耐心的)

When you put a woman to work...

  • Have a job breakdown for her job.
  • Consider her education, work experience and temperament in assigning her to that job.
  • Have the necessary equipment, tools and supplies ready for her.
  • Try out her capacity for and familiarity with the work.
  • Assign her to a shift in accordance with health, home obligations and transportation arrangements.
  • Place her in a group of workers with similar backgrounds and interests.
  • Inform her fully on health and safety rules, company policies, company objectives.
  • Be sure she knows the location of rest-rooms, lunch facilities, dispensaries.
  • Don’t change her shift too often and never without notice.

在今天看起來其中有些呼籲簡直不可思議,但或許在當時有其必要。畢竟你我都不是二戰時期的美國人,無法了解當時的氛圍。心得:

  • 在某個時代即使是看似中性、甚至是出於善意的作為,在另一個時代看起來反而像是諷刺。今日我們教育中有關少數群體的「標準」內容,會不會到某一天看起來也會讓人覺得很諷刺呢?
  • 先別談性別,現在的老闆對員工也有這麼好嗎?

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